Transcription of the page from York City House Book containing the Death Entry of Richard III
(Transcribed by Dr Lorraine Attreed)
Manes vigilia Sancti Rartholomei videlicet xxiij(o) [23rd] die Augusti anno etc. vacat regalis potestas.
Mayor: Nicholas Loncastre. 12: William Snawsell, John Tong, William Welles, William Chymney.
Sheriff: Thomas Fynch. 24: John Lightlope, Thomas Alan, William Spense, William Tayte, Richard Clerc, John Hagg, Michael White, William White, Miles Grenebank, Richard Hardsang.
Were assembled in the counsail chambre where and when it was shewed by diverse persons and especially by John Sponer send unto the feld of Redemore to bring tidinges frome the same to the citie, that King Richard late mercifully reigning upon us was thrugh grete treason of the ducof Northfolk and many othere that turned ayenst hyme, with many othre lordes and nobilles of this north parties, was pitiously siane and murdred to the grete hevynesse of this citie, the names of whome foloweth hereafter.
York in Richards Day – Extract From the Booklet “Richard III and York” by Dorothy Mitchell.
Most probably it was in the latter half of 1471 when Richard took up his appointment as Governor of the North, but before the year was out he was back in the capital searching for Anne Neville. After the Battle of Tewkesbury, Clarence had taken her into his household, to live with her sister. Then had hidden her in a cook shop, when he’d heard of Richard’s intention to marry her. For he was determined to keep the whole Warwick inheritance for himself. Somehow, Richard found her, ensconced her in the sanctuary of St. Martin le Grand and, after a suitable time had elapsed, married her and brought her northwards to make their home at Middleham. For, through his wife, Richard had inherited Warwick’s northern domains. In 1473, a son, Edward, was born to them. More than likely the twelve years Richard spent in the north were the happiest of his life. Middleham was his home; York his capital and the vast territory of Yorkshire, Westmorland and Cumberland his “kingdom along with Northumberland, he was the King’s representative, Justice of the Peace and Warden of the Marches north of the Trent. In time, honours and offices were heaped upon him, a powerful palatinate created for him, making him the greatest landowner in the north. His also, the greatest responsibility. Owing to geographical formation, north of the Trent in the 15th century was a formidable barrier of forest and fen. Also, the north offered at least six accessible roads into England, enabling the Scots to invade at will. This, along with ecclesiastical sanctuaries for political offenders, had made the governing of the north an insurmountable problem for successive rulers, enabling the northern magnates to reign supreme without crown interference. For the King had need of their retainers, as his standing army against the Scots. But the coming of Richard, as the King’s General, put paid to many of the local nobles’ ambitions. And to the tough, rough men of the north, Richard would have to prove himself. That he was the King’s brother meant not a thing, especially to the men of York.
On the trail of the Boar – Margaret Watson’s tour round Barnard Castle
KING RICHARD III is one of the most fascinating figures in English history. He is at the centre of what is surely the most baffling and intriguing mystery of air time. Nobody knows what became of Edward, Prince of Wales and Richard, Duke of York, the two young princes who disappeared whilst in the Tower of London.
Believed by many to be the wicked hunchbacked uncle who seized the throne then murdered his two young nephews and poisoned his Queen in order to marry his niece, Elizabeth of York, Richard — a victim of Tudor propaganda — is one of the most maligned kings in history. Never accused during his lifetime, there is no evidence to prove he was guilty of any of these atrocious crimes.
He had neither hunchback, nor withered arm. There are two contemporary portraits of Richard suggesting deformity, but infrared examination clearly reveals that the line of arm and shoulder in both portraits has been overpainted at a later date.
Before his accession to the throne Richard had close associations with the north of England. Raby Castle was the childhood home of his mother Cicely, known as the Rose of Raby.
In 1461, shortly after his brother, Edward IV, created him Duke of Gloucester, at the age of nine, Richard was sent to Middleham Castle where he joined the household of his powerful cousin, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, known as the Kingmaker. Here he lived for four years receiving the knightly training considered necessary for all young noblemen. During this period at Middleham, Richard first met the Kingmaker’s younger daughter, Anne Neville, whom he later married.
Guide to Ricardian Yorkshire – A look around the Castles of Yorkshire with a Ricardian Connection by Dorothy Mitchell
The castle was in possession of the Neville family for over 300 years. Richard of Gloucester became the owner upon marrying Anne Neville. The children of Edward the fourth , also Clarance’s son, the Earl of Warwick, were housed here during Henry Tudor’s invasion.